Career Path for the Social Sciences

Professional Options for Graduates of the Social Sciences

Pursuing a degree in any of the fields under the social sciences prepares you for a broad range of jobs. After completing a bachelor’s degree, you can easily look for internship opportunities to complement your formal education. Many companies open their doors to new graduates to give them the chance to learn the ropes of different businesses and develop skills that would be beneficial to any trade.


What are the Different Branches of Humanities

What are the Different Branches of HumanitiesThe field of humanities covers a broad spectrum of educational fields dealing with the human condition. The learning process for these courses involves the implementation of different techniques like analysis and the application of both critical and speculative thinking. Such a distinct approach to learning makes it entirely different from the methodologies for the natural sciences which basically involve experimentation.

What a Perfect Nose Looks Like

The nose is an important feature of the face not just functionally but also aesthetically. The way it looks has an impact on the overall appearance of the face. But what makes a nose good-looking enough? What makes it attractive or unattractive? Why do people, women in particular, decide to have procedures done on their noses?

Yes, this is going to be partly a discussion on rhinoplasty but before proceeding, it’s worth pointing out that rhinoplasty or nose surgery is not just a cosmetic procedure. It is also used to correct defects in the nose. It is also undertaken to reconstruct the nasal form to be able to restore proper functioning. While it may not be comparable to surgeries performed as a form of social service like the procedure conducted on cleft palate of children in poor areas, it’s incorrect to equate rhinoplasty to plastic surgery.

The Perfect Nose

So how does a perfect nose look like? According to a group of US plastic surgeons, the perfect nose is expected to have an optimum angle of rotation at the nasal tip of 106 degrees, measured from the lip up. This only applies to women, though. The study they conducted focused on the perfect shape of the nose for women. They believe that a nose that is rotated less than 90 degrees tends to look masculine and droopy.

They came up with the angle of rotation standard by testing public reaction to different shapes and appearances of noses. The researchers showed digital photos of young Caucasian women (18-25 years old) to nearly 4,000 men and women from the same age group. These young women represented noses with 96, 101, 106, 111, and 116 nose angle of rotation. The result: a 106-degree angle of rotation is deemed to be the most appealing. The test showed that the ideal nose appearance for a woman should be slightly upturned.

According to Dr. Omar Ahmed of New York University, there have been attempts to determine the ideal nose shape but a universally established standard remains “elusive and ongoing for decades.” The recent research conducted aims to come up with a standard but is not guaranteed to become the basis for what perfect nose shape would really be like. Nevertheless, the recent research is believed to be the first population-based study that aims to determine the ideal nasal tip projection and rotation.

Models for the Perfect Nose

The study named a number of celebrities who are believed to possess the perfect nose shape. These celebrities include the Kate Middleton, Kate Beckinsale, and Jessica Biel. Scarlett Johansson’s nose is also deemed perfect, regardless of whether or not she already had it “fixed.”

The research findings are likely to be used by the plastic surgery industry as a guide in advising clients who want to undergo cosmetic rhinoplasty. Providers of rhinoplasty or nose job in Atlanta, New York, London, or other cities in the West are expected to make use of the findings as they deal with their Caucasian clients. Similarly, clinics that provide cosmetic nose surgery or rhinoplasty in Southlake are expected to have the 106° angle of rotation and projection guide as a benchmark.

Volunteering: The Benefits of Giving Your Time

Volunteer work is fulfilling, but when you first start out, it won’t seem that way. In between hard work and short breaks, sometimes you also have to go out of the country to volunteer. However, that doesn’t mean you don’t get any benefits from your efforts. Hundreds of people get into volunteering for many reasons besides just giving time to the needy. If you’re considering doing the same, but you’re still a little hesitant, here are some of the best things you can come to expect from selfless, hard work.

Building Self Confidence

If you’ve got a few issues when it comes to approaching people, then you might be reconsidering the idea of becoming a volunteer. That’s alright; no one can get over their issues that quickly, but volunteer work is a great way to start. As a volunteer, you’ll be beset by situations you’ve never experienced before. At the same time, you’ll be surrounded by new people, which brings us to the next benefit.

Make New Friends

Surprisingly, philanthropic work attracts a wide variety of people. You’ll literally get to meet folks from all walks of life but that’s not the best part. These strangers will usually be very supportive and kind because that’s the reason they volunteer. As you come out of your shell, you’ll start to get close to those who were once strangers, and when you go back home, you’ll have a new group to hang out with.

You’ll Develop Important Intrapersonal Skills

Volunteering exposes you to many situations. Sometimes, you’ll encounter hard moments like dealing with people who have just lost their homes. At others, you’ll just be giving out food to the homeless in your community. During your stint, the chances of you learning how to deal with these varied situations sky rocket, and those experiences will stay with your forever.

There are a lot of places and ways through which you can volunteer. You don’t even need to leave your home if that’s your thing. Unicef is just one of many non-profit organizations which take donations and ask people to volunteer from home. Make sure to do a little research, and soon you’ll find the perfect group for you.

Expert Advice on Preventing Skin Cancer

While we can go on and on about who should pay for cancer treatment; whether it should be subsidized by the government or included in health care packages, the answer would still be very simple: don’t get skin cancer in order to avoid paying the high costs of treatment and medication. It will take a long while for the health sector and the government to resolve this issue, so in the meantime, I would strongly advice people to stay out of the sun.

According to an expert Elgin dermatologist, there is a strong correlation with the incidence of sunburn and the possibility of having skin cancer. The more often that a person gets sunburned, the higher the probability of skin cancer. Going further, expert physicians for skin cancer in Gwinnett County, explain that whites more easily get sunburned compared to Latinos, Asians, and African-Americans.

The Sun Isn’t Always a Good Sign

There is also a correlation between the use of tanning salons and tanning beds with that of the incidence of cancer. This is not a coincidence. Ultraviolet light (UV-A and UV-B) have been known to be harmful to the body. Although the process of developing cancers is still not clear, the genes may carry some of the blame. If a person has relatives who have had skin cancer, there is a high probability that it can also happen to that person.

As a disease, skin cancer is preventable, even if there is a high occurrence of skin cancer in the immediate family. There are some simple steps which could be taken to lessen the risks of developing skin cancer:

1. Prevent sunburn. Try not to spend too much time unprotected under the sun. Sunburns and overexposure to the sun’s rays are preventable. These are known risk factors for skin cancer. There are many ways to prevent sunburn, including staying away from the sun, or keeping to the shade, as well as wearing the right clothing, and using sunscreen.

2. Keep away from tanning beds. Staying away from tanning beds can also help prevent the disease. Skin damage can occur from excessive tanning. Besides skin cancer, tanning can accelerate skin aging and wrinkling. It is a paradox that the current beauty trend of using tanning beds to get an all-around tan will also lead to possible skin cancer and to wrinkled skin. Ultraviolet radiation is the leading cause of skin aging.

3. Use sunblock lotions. When at the beach, or when doing outdoor activities, apply sunscreen liberally on unprotected skin. Use a sunblock or sunscreen lotion with SPF 15 or higher for better protection. Reapply the lotion every two hours or after swimming or heavy sweating. During the 1990s, SPF 15 sunscreen was the most protection you can get. Nowadays, there are SPF 99 sunscreen lotion on sale off the shelf of the convenience store. There is no reason why you should not avail of this easily available protection.

4. Wear protective clothing. When under the sun, wear long-sleeved shirts, and long pants. For additional protection, wear a wide-brimmed hat. For sunglasses, choose those with UVA/UVB protection. Consider wearing long sleeves when driving, specially with the windows down, or when driving a convertible with the top down. As an option, you can make use of removable sleeves instead of wearing long-sleeved shirts. Or you can have a towel or shawl draped across your skin when you are driving.

5. Get in the shade. The sun’s rays are most intense between 10:00 AM and 3:00 PM. Try to keep to the shade during these hours. The hottest part of the day is usually between 2:30 and 3:00 PM, you can opt to continue your outdoor activities after 4:00 PM. The sun’s rays can have permanent effects on the skin in as little as fifteen minutes under the sun.

Getting Help in Paying for Plastic Surgery

These days, getting plastic surgery is not just about vanity. In most cases, it is due to medical conditions that have to be treated. There are also those who suffer from lack of self-esteem and surgery is the only way to lift their spirits up. Some others met an accident and plastic surgery will help bring back the parts of their body that were broken or damaged.

Though there are a lot of highly qualified surgeons, the problem is that the prices for these surgeries are very high. Therefore, if you are one of those who wish to get a certain procedure, you end up not doing so since you cannot afford it. Before you give up, here are some ways in which you can get help in paying for plastic surgery:

• Seek for a loan. There are a lot of secured loans for you to choose from. However, there are certain instances in which these loans would ask for collateral. Thus, you need to be careful with your decision.

• Look for companies that offer a patient financing program. There are a lot of them out there that are willing to extend help to patients who wish to get plastic surgery. All you have to do is to make inquiries so you will know the terms and conditions.

• Your surgeon might also have a payment plan available. Inquire ahead of time as you might make use of this payment plan to make it easier for you to fully pay his or her services.

• Check out nongovernment organizations that are willing to help out those who really need plastic surgery, but are unable to do so.
However, most of them only provide help to those who badly needed the procedure. Say for instance, they prioritize those who have met accidents or are in serious medical conditions.

In short, there are many ways to get funds in doing plastic surgery. You just need to know which place to find one. If you’re looking to get plastic surgery in Seattle at an affordable cost, go here.

Gaining a Broader Sense of Perception

Finding a college that is right for you is no doubt one of the more difficult endeavors that any individual, regardless of their age, can take on their plate. Speaking from personal experience as someone who has spent most of his adult life going to college in some fashion or another, it’s both enjoyable with long and stressful moments filling between those moments of pleasure. With a third bachelor finally completed I’ve decided that it might be time to look beyond the United States for my education and instead consider some singapore colleges that I’ve recently been made aware of thanks to some friends who have been doing studies overseas. I had considered taking courses outside the U. (more…)

The Role of Public Health Organizations

Public health services is a very important matter in every nation. This is the means of preventing disease, promoting health, and prolonging life of every member of the community, through the combined efforts of government health organizations, privately owned institutions, medical professionals, and concerned citizens. There are a lot of people who refrain to consult the health professionals because they cannot afford the medical expenses, should there be any. Serving these persons is the main objective of public health organizations.

Community services are provided in every region. Apart from social workers, professionals from different branches of medicine collaborate to perform a community-wide health check. Sometimes, it depends on the type of project they are working on. For example, Women’s Month is celebrated all over the world, and free reproductive health seminars are usually held to teach women about the health risks that they are exposed to and how to minimize them.

Public health community services are meant to accomplish a lot of things. Here are some:

• To make the people aware of the current health situation of their residential district.
• To prevent viral diseases from affecting a lot of people. in case there is any.
• To provide free vaccines for preventing outbreaks.
• To provide free medication for treating common health conditions such as colds, cough, fever, and more.
• To gather information about the common health threats to the public, in order to identify the health indicators that the government should be focusing on.
• To maintain the good health status of all members of the community by conducting a regular physical health check or special check-ups for certain health conditions.

There are some cases when a more comprehensive check up is needed. This happens when a patient has a problem with a specific organ — e.g., eyes, ears, lungs, etc. If a patient has developed glaucoma, the general physician would provide prescriptions and free medications (if there is any), together with a recommendation to consult an ophthalmologist, such as those found in this clinic in Austin. It is upon the patient’s decision either he or she will stick the physician’s advice or consult another specialist that can aid with the treatment.

Among all the things in life, health is the most important thing that people should always keep up. The best way to do this is to have an annual physical checkup which will identify the specific parts of the body that should be well-taken care of.

Undergoing Sclerotherapy to Treat Varicose Veins Due to Hard Work

Helping other people is easier said than done. When you are on the actual job, it could take a lot of time and effort. Over time, you might develop certain problems as a result of working too hard. When you are doing social work, you might spend a lot of time walking, going from one place to another or standing over a long period of time. Doing these things will most likely lead to the development of varicose veins.

This illness is characterized by throbbing in the lower legs. It could even swell and may result in fatigue. When you start feeling discomfort after standing or sitting over a longer period of time, it means that you are suffering from varicose veins already. Most of all, when you feel itch around your leg skin and skin sores start to appear, it means that your varicose veins has become serious.

In as much as you want to avoid varicose veins, the nature of your social work will most likely lead you to this problem. Though there are certain ways to minimize your risk, you need to know what exactly should be done once you already have them. This is where the need for sclerotherapy enters the picture.

What is Sclerotherapy?

This procedure is non-invasive. It utilizes injections directed to the surface of the skin. The injection contains sclerosing agent that targets the affected veins. As a result, the problematic areas with varicose veins begin to shut and eventually disappear. The blood running through those veins are now rerouted to take healthier veins instead.

For sclerotherapy to be done, it would take less than an hour depending on the gravity of the problem. If there are a lot of veins that have to be addressed, there might be more injections needed. For the procedure to be done, no anesthesia will be required. Once the process is over, you can start wearing compression stockings. This may be worn for the next week or two up until the affected areas heal. Stockings also help in promoting healthier flow of blood. After a few weeks of treatment, you may now go back to your usual work.

For the best results to be seen, it might take 3-6 weeks if you have smaller vein problems. For large veins, it might need at least 4 weeks to heal and at most 8 weeks. There is a need for 2 until 4 sclerotherapy sessions in order for the results to be fully show. Again, it depends on the problem.

The best part is that this procedure is not necessarily expensive. In fact, with all the hard work that you have done to help other people, you deserve a treat. You need this procedure not only for yourself, but to continue doing your good deeds for other people. Thus, if you have to stop for a while just to do the procedure, there is nothing wrong with it.

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How To Protect Your Health. Exercise, Eat Well And Take A Fish Oil Supplement

Every year our government is finding the cost of our national health service is increasing. One of the biggest drains on our national budget is health care.

There is no doubt that the cost of providing health services is increasing. As our medical technology improves we are able to treat more and more conditions, but at an ever increasing cost.

Health conditions that were untreatable in the past can now be treated, but over time the cost to our budget of treating these conditions is rising steeply.

It’s time for everyone to stand up and take responsibility for their own health.

How to take responsibility for your health

It’s relatively simple to take responsibility for your own health.

In the past most people seem to have assumed that health was something that someone else took care of. If you got sick you went to see your doctor, and he took care of your health. If you got really sick you ended up in hospital and they took care of your health.

But so many people don’t seem to realize that you are the person most responsible for your own good health.

Like I say, it’s simple, though not necessarily easy.

How do you take responsibility for your own health? You do so by observing some simple rules.

1. Don’t smoke. I don’t think I need to explain this any further. Everyone knows what smoking does to you, chances are it will kill you. Just don’t do it.

2. Do plenty of exercise. There is a huge body of evidence that exercise, provided you do enough of it and do it sufficiently regularly, has an enormously positive impact on our health in a whole range of different ways.

And almost every month a new study comes out telling us how important exercise is to one or other different aspects of our health.

Exercise is important to your health from youth right through to old age. Get plenty of exercise in your life and do it all of your life.

3. Eat properly. There is so much evidence that the quality of your diet also has a huge impact on the quality of your health. Sadly, probably as a result of the power of the multinational companies, so many of us eat junk food now. Advertising is everywhere and junk food is becoming more and more common in our average diet.

Avoid junk food. It’s high in salt, sugar and fat and empty calories. Junk food will make you sick.

Instead of junk food eat quality food that is cooked at home. Plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, plenty of fiber and not too much salt or sugar. And there’s nothing wrong with meat either contrary to what some people would have you believe.

One aspect of staying healthy is to take some targeted supplements. There is now a huge body of evidence that fish oil supplements are very good for your health for a whole range of reasons. They help protect your eyesight as you get older, they help reduce the risk of a heart attack, they are important in your brain make up and lots more things.

So consider taking a fish oil supplement. If you’re looking to try and work out how to locate the best fish oil supplement click here

Like I said it’s relatively simple to take care of your health better. That doesn’t mean it’s easy, it might mean that you have to give up smoking for example. Or it might mean that you need to incorporate exercise into your life. But whatever it requires it’s got it be better than getting sick.

A Brief Introduction to the Sociology of Aging & Ageism

This article distinguishes biological aging from aging as a social construct, and also offers insight into ‘ageism’ and how communities and individuals can help the elderly overcome discrimination, and ultimately live with greater dignity and confidence.

Aging as a Social Construct

Age is a simple word that tells you how long a person has lived. Sociologists, however, look at aging with a different perspective; they state that the age of a person is an attribute resulting from the effects of the social and cultural environment he/she exists in. According to them, age is influenced by factors like the individual’s social habitat, the cultural norms prevalent in that society and the behavioral patterns expected of him and his age group.

By saying age is a social construct; sociologists imply that an individual’s chronological age should be assessed by the norms that his society appends to his chronological age group. They infer that society anticipates that such groups will behave in a specific manner in keeping with the role they are expected to play, which could be poles apart. For instance, occidental societies rate youthful appearance very highly, whereas age is treated deferentially in the orient, with the elderly considered to be both wise and erudite.

Another factor that lends itself to ‘young’ and ‘old’ tags is life expectancy. In countries where longevity is low, like Sierra Leone and Lesotho, people are called middle aged or even old before reaching the age of 30. In countries like Monaco and Japan, where life expectancy is just short of 90 years, a 25-year old would be a young adult. Education plays an important role here, in that even moderately well-off countries are able to advise the impressionable youth brigade about potential hazards to life and how to circumvent them.

Biological Aging

Unlike the sociological concept of  aging, biological aging is an irreversible process. Your skin ages along with the rest of your body and this cannot be prevented. Those tiny muscles that kept your skin taut and gave you your attractive appearance in your younger days will begin to weaken and those fine pores that kept your skin lubricated and healthy will become larger. The dreaded first sign of aging is dry skin. With time, fine lines will appear followed by wrinkles and visibly enlarged pores. Age spots come last while existing wrinkles deepen.

Biological aging comes about as the end result of physiological changes—determined by your genes—and is totally different from the social construct. A clock that is biological in nature and built in since your embryonic stage interacts with your genetic makeup to determine your chronological age. Your skin is also governed by this biological clock. As this clock ticks, your skin also loses out, unable to work as it did in your halcyon days. This is when your skin first shows the external symptoms of aging. Hormonal balance starts to shift and brings about more and more symptoms of biological aging as well as delayed interaction between active glands and your body’s organs. All such changes are written in your genetic program and are irreversible.

Science has come to the rescue by controlling a few factors that have a say in biological aging and scientists are close to finding a solution to neutralize the effects of molecular damage to the skin by using anti-oxidant molecules. A healthy antioxidant-rich diet, fortified by dietary supplements along with certain core nutrients, as well as regular use of the best anti wrinkle creams featured at for example, could well delay the definitive changes consequent to biological aging.

The western world is extremely conscious about looking young. Aging people in the west spend billions of dollars in trying to delay or hide signs of approaching old age by resorting to ‘health spa’ visits, cosmetic surgery and/or external facial muscle tautening by injections of botulism toxin, etc. Sagging neck muscles are firmed up by using anti-aging neck treatment. Special firming cream have been formulated to let you continue to wear deeply cleaved tops. A neck firming cream addresses indications of your V-zone (the frontal area from the chin line to the cleavage) aging instantly, by firming, hydrating, and enhancing the look of the neck line as well as reducing sagginess, providing an uplifted appearance of both neck and décolleté. For an example of an effective neck cream see this review of Nectifirm by Revision Skincare

“Your face is your fortune.” There could never be a more apt aphorism in the world of glitz and glamour. Not only does your beautiful face and firm body give you the courage to wear deep-cleavage V-neck tops, it allows you to glide along the rose-strewn path with consummate ease and confidence that will take you through your days of elegance and glory.

Discrimination Against the Elderly and What Can be Done to Help Them

Discrimination against the elderly, or ‘Ageism‘, is most often seen as behavioral restrictions as well as physical abuse. Abuse is a wide ranging term and includes:

  • Psychological/emotional abuse
  • Physical abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Insufficient attention by the caregiver or pecuniary exploitation

A despondent self imposed hazard is self-neglect. Self-neglect implies that an individual either ignores his own health and well-being or indulges in practices that are hazardous to his own health.  Ageism increases the risk of untimely death of the elderly person on the receiving end by a factor of two, while self-neglect increases the risk five-fold.

There is a general impression that the elderly tend to be stereotyped. An example of stereotyping the elderly entity is the belief that old age has rendered them inflexible in attitude; the older they are, the more inflexible they supposedly become. Studies have shown that this is a wrong impression. A considerable proportion of this elderly group is both willing and adroit in changing their views, and even become more flexible as they grow older. Most stereotyping, like inferior driving skills, have been proved wrong. Unnecessary stereotyping will bruise their ego and create a lack of faith in themselves, to their long-term detriment.

What can be done to help them:

A lot can be done to improve their lot. The aged should keep their chin up and remain positive. An upbeat attitude and emotional mindset reduces hazardous behavior and stress, two major factors leading to better health.

Doctors and nurses must refrain from doing anything that smacks of ageism. The old person in front of them may be incontinent. They must accept it and help him cheerily, instead of giving them a disdainful shrug meaning, “Silly old goat, looking for a miracle from us.” You’re hitting him below the belt. As relatives, do not fall into the mindset that the ill health that afflicts your aging parents are part and parcel of growing old. There will always be something that can be done to help your older loved ones’ ability to deal with their health problems and enjoy life just that little bit more.

Research in the Humanities Improves Our Daily Life

The humanities may seem like an academic field that isn’t important to everyday life, but its study is actually necessary. Through the study of the humanities, society has been able to improve on its structure in so many ways. By examining the many social phenomena we experience on a daily basis, we are able to deal with them more effectively and even take advantage of them to better our lives. Many of discoveries we have made through the humanities have been applied to business, and this is no more evident than in the business sector of Toronto. The business sector of Toronto is always at the forefront of new research in the humanities. Through such vigilance, the business sector of the city has been able to improve its business processes as well as the services it provides to the residents of the city.

For example, when it comes to dealing with tax, Toronto businessmen have gone back to hiring accountants and bookkeepers to deal with it – this is because the study of sociology and social psychology has revealed that those who have too much of a DIY mentality are actually more unproductive compared to those who know when to delegate work. Such a discovery wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for research in the humanities.

If you are an avid research of researchers in humanities, you will know that so many businessmen have adopted an extreme DIY attitude to business. This is because advances in computer technologies have given everyone access to computer applications that have eased up different business processes. Photoshop, Quickbooks, and other applications have made advertising and accounting easy even for those who didn’t study them in college. Unfortunately, though, even if such applications have made so many business processes easily, research has revealed that that they can actually still lead to people producing subpar work. The extreme DIY mentality many businessmen have adopted as a result of these technological advances have ended up making them think that spending money on additional personnel is just a waste of money. What these businessmen realize is that by doing everything on their own, they actually end up losing a lot more money than if they had delegated work to dedicated professionals.

According to sociological and psychological research, the cognitive capacities of humans are still limited; when they’re handling too many different things at once, it takes up time and mind power. This results in people producing subpar work that leads to unnecessary expenses. Thanks to such a discovery, many businessmen in Toronto now know better than to skimp on the costs of hiring dedicated professionals for different business processes. For their accounting needs, businessmen from the city, even those who only operate a small business, now typically hire expert accountants again (see: This has resulted in them saving on so many expenses and earning a lot more in the long run.

Business is just one of the fields that have benefited from the fruits of research in the humanities. People shouldn’t think of the field as something that is extraneous or secondary to more applied fields. Should we ignore the humanities, society would experience a decline in its standards of living. Hopefully, this post of mine will end up making you realize this. And hopefully, it will make some of you decide to take up humanities in college. The world still needs more brilliant minds to do amazing research in the field. Through the efforts of such people, the world will end up becoming a much better place.